Sunday, October 3, 2010
Dictator of Mexico after they won their independence from Spain. Texas and Mexico were divided on the issues of slavery and colonization in Texas, so Stephen Austin came to negotiate with Anna. Santa Anna threw Austin into jail for eight months. He then wiped out local rights and began preparing an army to suppress the Texans. After Texas declared their independence, Santa Anna ferociously attacked. However, he was captured by the commander in chief of Texas, Sam Houston, and his army and forced to sign two treaties – to remove Mexican troops from Texas and to recognize the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico. When he was released he claimed that the treaties were illegal because they were signed under duress; this however did nothing to stop the annexation of Texas to the United States.