Judiciary Act of 1801: Page 218
last important law passed by Federalist Congress. created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. "packing" these lifetime posts (because a judges term is until death) with anti- jeffersonian partisians was in republican eyes an attempt by the anti-jeffersonians to entrench themselves in 1 of the 3 branches. Jeffersonians condemned the federalist appointees. Including Chief Justice John Marshall.
The Republican Congress wanted to repeal the Judiciary Act of 1801 one year after its passage.
For Vocab quiz another good vocab word to relate Judiciary act of 1801 to is John Marshall.